This one came up in the office last week, and I thought it worthy of discussion. On one project we have, the page layouts use the ASP.Net Register directive to reference assemblies containing our controls. So we have several directives in the code similar to:
These serve the purpose of telling the page layout about our controls assembly, and ensuring the designer can supply us with Intellisense for the controls and their members.
The question which then arises is "what happens when we update the shared assembly and we want to increment the version number? Surely we don't have to update and republish all our page layouts?" There are a couple of answers to this:
- we could use assembly redirects in application config to avoid changing the page layouts. These entries would then tell .Net to load (for example) version 188.8.131.52 of our assembly whenever version 184.108.40.206 is requested. This would work, but would mean that we don't get Intellisense for any new/changed members added in subsequent assembly versions.
- we could also avoid referencing common assemblies in this way completely, and centralize the reference in web.config instead
So instead of having an entry in each page layout, the 'Pages' section of web.config (in .Net 2.0 and upwards) allows us to reference assemblies containing controls in one central place, meaning any changes to the assembly name are simple to implement:
[Side note] - as I specify in the comment, it is possible to reference the assembly with the short name, but shops with a defined versioning strategy will want to avoid this since it's then not possible to have side-by-side versions of assemblies, one of the fundamental forward steps introduced with .Net.
However, it's not all clear cut. Unfortunately SPD isn't clever enough to resolve the assembly reference in web.config to provide Intellisense. I initially thought it was, but alas closing and re-opening shows that in fact something was cached. Visual Studio is sufficiently aware (if we were in a pure .Net scenario), but not SPD.
So it's a trade-off as far as I can see - either have the @Register directive in your page layout (with version numbers in it), or reference in web.config but lose Intellisense.
I wondered if it was possible to use the short assembly name in the @Register directive, but supply a 4 part assembly name in web.config for use at runtime. Unfortunately this doesn't work since .Net sees it as an ambiguous registration. So if you want to keep assembly version numbers out of your page layouts but keep Intellisense, one strategy could be to remove the @Register directives as part of your release process.
Or as an alternative final thought - which is more important, Intellisense during development or minimising running into this problem at release time? For my money, losing the inconvenience of Intellisense in SPD for controls in is a minor hassle, so referencing assemblies in web.config is a better approach.